Taking adequately and using appropriately energy and all nutrients required for body’s growth, renewaland working is explained with statement “ADEQUATE AND BALANCED NUTRITION”. When nutrients are not taken in the level of body need,“INADEQUATE NUTRITION” case arises since adequate energy and renewal of tissues are not composed.
It is determined by scientific researches that person should take adequate amount of almost 50 nutrients for healthy growth and development and healthy and productive longer life. When one of these nutrients are not taken or inadequately taken it has been proved scientifically that growth and development are impared and health deteriorated.
Adequate, balanced and healthy nutrition of people is one of the preventive factors for nutrition-related health problems as it decreases the prevalence of obesity, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and cancer and prevents protein-energy malnutrition and vitamin-mineral deficiency.
In the light of these information, BioRich focuses on 5 key aspects in R&D:
1) Reducing total sugar content
Sugar naturally presents in many foods but the majority of sugar consumed in the diet comes from added sugars. Sugars are an energy source for body but added sugars decrease the quality of diet as they increase the energy content but decrease the nutrition density. Therefore, excessive consumption of foods with added sugar leads to the deficiency of other essential nutrients and hence to inadequate nutrition. Overconsumption of sugar also means excessive energy intake and it promotes weight gain (obesity) together with an increase in body fat. Obesity increases the risk of developing various diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, hypertension and cancer. Finally, excessive consumption of foods with added sugar causes tooth decays.
Reducing the total sugar content of foods and consumption of sugar in the diet is vital in terms of our health and adequate nutrition.
2) Reducing fat content
Fats are one of the major constituents of foods and essential in the human diet. Fats are very important not only because they are one of the biggest energy sources, but also because they contain fat-soluble vitamins, forms lipoproteins by bonding with proteins and have other effects on human health.
Regardless of the origin, the physical, chemical and physiological properties of fats depend primarily on the type and amount of fatty acids in their structures. Fatty acids are divided into two main groups as saturated and unsaturated. Unsaturated fatty acids are composed of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Although the calories taken with saturated fatty acids are the same as those given by other fatty acids; they cause fat accumulation and weight gain in the body. It is stated that the consumption of saturated fats should be reduced in order to reduce cardiovascular diseases. Saturated fatty acids increase the fat content of the blood. Dietary saturated fatty acids are stated to increase LDL cholesterol levels, be effective in the formation of insulin resistance and thus increase the tendency to diabetes.
Monounsaturated fatty acids have high-density lipoprotein (HDL cholesterol, good cholesterol) enhancing effects. Since monounsaturated fatty acids play a role in the reduction of cardiovascular diseases, it is necessary to reduce the consumption of saturated fats and increase the consumption of monounsaturated fatty acids. It is known that long-chain and polyunsaturated fatty acids have significant effects on biochemical and physiological changes in the body and are important for health and nutrition. Although saturated fatty acids and monounsaturated fatty acids can be synthesized in the human and animal body, polyunsaturated fatty acids cannot be synthesized and are therefore essentials.
Reducing the amount of saturated fat but consuming more mono and polyunsaturated fatty acids in our diet are of great importance for a healthy life and protecting us from metabolic diseases.
3) Increasing dietary fiber content
Dietary fiber is a group of food components which is resistant to digestive enzymes and found mainly in cereals, fruits and vegetables. Dietary fibers cannot be digested in the human small intestine but can be fermented completely or partially in the large intestine. Dietary fibers are widely used in food formulations due to their technological and functional properties and have many positive effects on human health. High fiber diet is important as it maintains the sense of satiety for a longer time. Moreover, it is stated that dietary fiber components organize functions of the large intestine and have important physiological effects on glucose and lipid metabolism and mineral bioavailability. Today, dietary fibers are known to be protective against constipation, hemorrhoid, colon cancer, obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
Reducing sugar and increasing fiber content are important for reducing the glycemic index in foods. Glucose coming from the foods with a low glycemic index enters the circulatory system much slower and in smaller amounts and this way intense insulin secretion from the pancreas gland does not occur. As a result, your blood sugar does not change rapidly.
Recommended daily fiber intakes are 25g for women and 38g for men. However, even in developed countries, daily fiber consumption is below the recommended amount.
As BioRich, in our R&D activities, we attach great importance to develop products with high fiber content in accordance with the Food Codex.
4) Increasing protein, vitamin and mineral contents
Protein is an indispensable nutrient and it must be taken as a source of amino acids for almost all biological processes. Protein constitutes the main structure of the cells and it is also the primary nutrient for the continuity of them. In addition, the main structures of the body's defense systems, enzymes that regulate the body's work and some hormones are protein. Proteins are therefore essential for growth and development, and diets containing low-quality proteins can cause growth retardation, disease and even death.
Although vitamins are found in very small amounts, they are highly effective in the human body. Some of them (group B) help regulate biochemical events related to the formation of energy and cells from carbohydrates, fats and proteins that we take with food. Vitamin D helps minerals like calcium and phosphorus to settle in bones and teeth. Some vitamins (A, E, C) prevent the damage of body cells to maintain their normal functions and reduce the effects of some harmful substances (antioxidant effect).
An average of 6% of the adult human body is composed of minerals. Minerals have many tasks. Some of the minerals, especially calcium and phosphorus, are the building blocks of skeleton and teeth. Some others (such as sodium, potassium) ensure that the body water is kept in balance. Iron is necessary for the transport of oxygen, which is essential for the formation of energy from nutrients in the body. Minerals such as zinc and selenium are involved in the functioning of the immune system.
As BioRich, we strive to keep the protein values of the products that we developed at source or high-value levels and enrich these products with natural ingredients containing high levels of vitamins and minerals.
5) Maintaining the ideal texture and flavor
The main food components such as carbohydrate, fat and protein have many technological and functional properties in the production and preparation of foods. The proportions of these components play a major role in achieving the characteristic texture and flavor of foods. This also means that increasing, reducing or changing these components will create serious difficulties in achieving the desired texture, flavor or appearance of foods. For example, the added sugar has many functions like being a preservative, flavoring, flavor-enhancing and thickening agent, and reducing the added sugar can cause loss of sweetness, consistency, flavor and shelf life. Fat and protein are also very important components in terms of texture and flavor, and their changes can lead to undesired food qualities or production difficulties.
In order to overcome these problems, first of all, a high level of knowledge and experience is required. However, most of the time, not all targets can be met at the same time, and therefore the best balance in the current situation needs to be established and the goals must be redefined when necessary. Once this balance has been successfully established and the best formulation has been developed, consumers will be able to find the texture and flavor they are looking for.
We strive to achieve our 5 goals by using organic ingredients and to develop the best products in terms of sensorial and nutritional qualities. That is how the nutrients necessary for a balanced diet and a healthy life will be included in BioRich products.